Keutamaan Puasa Tasu’a Dan ‘Asyura [9 & 10 Muharram]


Bismillah…
Hari ‘Asyura di depan mata. Siapkan ilmu untuk mengahadapinya. Jangan seperti Syiah Rafidhah atau Sufiyah! Jadilah Anda seorang muslim pejuang sunnah an-nabawiyah. Selamat menyimak, semoga Allah mudahkan kita tuk mengamalkannya…
Oleh: Asy Syaikh Muhammad bin Shalih Al Utsaimin

[Di dalam kitab beliau Riyadhus Shalihin, Al-Imam An-Nawawi -rahimahullah- membawakan tiga buah hadits yang berkenaan dengan puasa sunnah pada bulan Muharram, yaitu puasa hari Asyura / Asyuro (10 Muharram) dan Tasu’a (9 Muharram)]
Hadits yang Pertama
عن ابن عباس رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنهُ أن رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّم صام يوم عاشوراء وأمر بصيامه. مُتَّفّقٌ عَلَيهِ
Dari Ibnu Abbas -radhiyallahu ‘anhuma-, “Bahwa Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam berpuasa pada hari ‘Asyura dan memerintahkan untuk berpuasa padanya”. (Muttafaqun ‘Alaihi).
Hadits yang Kedua
عن أبي قتادة رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنهُ أن رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّم سئل عن صيام يوم عاشوراء فقال: ((يكفر السنة الماضية)) رَوَاهُ مُسلِمٌ.
Dari Abu Qatadah -radhiyallahu ‘anhu-, bahwa Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam ditanya tentang puasa hari ‘Asyura. Beliau menjawab, “(Puasa tersebut) Menghapuskan dosa satu tahun yang lalu”. (HR. Muslim)
Hadits yang Ketiga
وعن ابن عباس رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنهُما قال، قال رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّم: ((لئن بقيت إلى قابل لأصومن التاسع)) رَوَاهُ مُسلِمٌ.
Dari Ibnu Abbas -radhiyallahu ‘anhuma- beliau berkata: “Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bersabda, “Apabila (usia)ku sampai tahun depan, maka aku akan berpuasa pada (hari) kesembilan” (HR. Muslim)
“Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam ditanya tentang puasa pada hari ‘Asyura, beliau menjawab, ‘Menghapuskan dosa setahun yang lalu’, ini pahalanya lebih sedikit daripada puasa Arafah (yakni menghapuskan dosa setahun sebelum serta sesudahnya –pent). Bersamaan dengan hal tersebut, selayaknya seorang berpuasa ‘Asyura (10 Muharram) disertai dengan (sebelumnya, ed.) Tasu’a (9 Muharram). Hal ini karena Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bersabda, ‘Apabila (usia)ku sampai tahun depan, maka aku akan berpuasa pada yang kesembilan’, maksudnya berpuasa pula pada hari Tasu’a.
Penjelasan
Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam memerintahkan untuk berpuasa pada hari sebelum maupun setelah ‘Asyura [1] dalam rangka menyelisihi orang-orang Yahudi karena hari ‘Asyura –yaitu 10 Muharram- adalah hari di mana Allah selamatkan Musa dan kaumnya, dan menenggelamkan Fir’aun dan para pengikutnya. Dahulu orang-orang Yahudi berpuasa pada hari tersebut sebagai syukur mereka kepada Allah atas nikmat yang agung tersebut. Allah telah memenangkan tentara-tentaranya dan mengalahkan tentara-tentara syaithan, menyelamatkan Musa dan kaumnya serta membinasakan Fir’aun dan para pengikutnya. Ini merupakan nikmat yang besar.
Oleh karena itu, setelah Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam tinggal di Madinah, beliau melihat bahwa orang-orang Yahudi berpuasa pada hari ‘Asyura [2]. Beliau pun bertanya kepada mereka tentang hal tersebut. Maka orang-orang Yahudi tersebut menjawab, “Hari ini adalah hari di mana Allah telah menyelamatkan Musa dan kaumnya, serta celakanya Fir’aun serta pengikutnya. Maka dari itu kami berpuasa sebagai rasa syukur kepada Allah”. Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam berkata, “Kami lebih berhak terhadap Musa daripada kalian”.
Kenapa Rasulullah mengucapkan hal tersebut? Karena Nabi dan orang–orang yang bersama beliau adalah orang-orang yang lebih berhak terhadap para nabi yang terdahulu. Allah berfirman,
إِنَّ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِإِبْرَاهِيمَ لَلَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُ وَهَذَا النَّبِيُّ وَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَاللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
“Sesungguhnya orang yang paling berhak dengan Ibrahim adalah orang-orang yang mengikutinya dan nabi ini (Muhammad), serta orang-orang yang beriman, dan Allah-lah pelindung semua orang-orang yang beriman”. (Ali Imran: 68)
Maka Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam adalah orang yang paling berhak terhadap Nabi Musa daripada orang-orang Yahudi tersebut, dikarenakan mereka kafir terhadap Nabi Musa, Nabi Isa dan Muhammad. Maka beliau shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam berpuasa ‘Asyura dan memerintahkan manusia untuk berpuasa pula pada hari tersebut. Beliau juga memerintahkan untuk menyelisihi Yahudi yang hanya berpuasa pada hari ‘Asyura, dengan berpuasa pada hari kesembilan atau hari kesebelas beriringan dengan puasa pada hari kesepuluh (’Asyura), atau ketiga-tiganya. [3]
Oleh karena itu sebagian ulama seperti Ibnul Qayyim dan yang selain beliau menyebutkan bahwa puasa ‘Asyura terbagi menjadi tiga keadaan:
1. Berpuasa pada hari ‘Asyura dan Tasu’ah (9 Muharram), ini yang paling afdhal.
2. Berpuasa pada hari ‘Asyura dan tanggal 11 Muharram, ini kurang pahalanya daripada yang pertama. [4]
3. Berpuasa pada hari ‘Asyura saja, sebagian ulama memakruhkannya karena Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam memerintahkan untuk menyelisihi Yahudi, namun sebagian ulama yang lain memberi keringanan (tidak menganggapnya makhruh). [5]
Wallahu a’lam bish shawab.
(Sumber: Syarh Riyadhis Shalihin karya Asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Shalih Al-Utsaimin terbitan Darus Salam – Mesir, diterjemahkan Abu Umar Urwah Al-Bankawy, muraja’ah dan catatan kaki: Al-Ustadz Abu Abdillah Muhammad Rifai)
CATATAN KAKI:
[1] Adapun hadits yang menyebutkan perintah untuk berpuasa setelahnya (11 Asyura’) adalah dha’if (lemah). Hadits tersebut berbunyi:
صوموا يوم عاشوراء و خالفوا فيه اليهود صوموا قبله يوما و بعده يوما . -
“Puasalah kalian hari ‘Asyura dan selisihilah orang-orang yahudi padanya (maka) puasalah sehari sebelumnya dan sehari setelahnya. (HR. Ahmad dan Al Baihaqy. Didhaifkan oleh As Syaikh Al-Albany di Dha’iful Jami’ hadits no. 3506)
Dan berkata As Syaikh Al Albany – Rahimahullah- di Silsilah Ad Dha’ifah Wal Maudhu’ah IX/288 No. Hadits 4297: Penyebutan sehari setelahnya (hari ke sebelas. pent) adalah mungkar, menyelisihi hadits Ibnu Abbas yang shahih dengan lafadz:
“لئن بقيت إلى قابل لأصومن التاسع” .
“Jika aku hidup sampai tahun depan tentu aku akan puasa hari kesembilan”
Lihat juga kitab Zaadul Ma’ad 2/66 cet. Muassasah Ar-Risalah Th. 1423 H. dengan tahqiq Syu’aib Al Arnauth dan Abdul Qadir Al Arna’uth.
لئن بقيت لآمرن بصيام يوم قبله أو يوم بعده . يوم عاشوراء) .-
“Kalau aku masih hidup niscaya aku perintahkan puasa sehari sebelumnya (hari Asyura) atau sehari sesudahnya” ((HR. Al Baihaqy, Berkata Al Albany di As-Silsilah Ad-Dha’ifah Wal Maudhu’ah IX/288 No. Hadits 4297: Ini adalah hadits mungkar dengan lafadz lengkap tersebut.))
[2] Padanya terdapat dalil yang menunjukkan bahwa penetapan waktu pada umat terdahulu pun menggunakan bulan-bulan qamariyyah (Muharram s/d Dzulhijjah, Pent.) bukan dengan bulan-bulan ala Eropa (Jan s/d Des). Karena Rasulullah shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam mengabarkan bahwa hari ke sepuluh dari Muharram adalah hari di mana Allah membinasakan Fir’aun dan pengikutnya dan menyelamatkan Musa dan pengikutnya. (Syarhul Mumthi’ VI.)
[3] Untuk puasa di hari kesebelas haditsnya adalah dha’if (lihat no. 1) maka – Wallaahu a’lam – cukup puasa hari ke 9 bersama hari ke 10 (ini yang afdhal) atau ke 10 saja.
Asy-Syaikh Salim Bin Ied Al Hilaly mengatakan bahwa, “Sebagian ahlu ilmu berpendapat bahwa menyelisihi orang Yahudi terjadi dengan puasa sebelumnya atau sesudahnya. Mereka berdalil dengan hadits yang diriwayatkan dari Rasulullah Shalallahu’alaihi Wasallam,
صوموا يوم عاشوراء و خالفوا فيه اليهود صوموا قبله يوما أو بعده يوما .
“Puasalah kalian hari ‘Asyura dan selisihilah orang-orang Yahudi padanya (maka) puasalah sehari sebelumnya atau sehari setelahnya”.
Ini adalah pendapat yang lemah, karena bersandar dengan hadits yang lemah tersebut yang pada sanadnya terdapat Ibnu Abi Laila dan ia adalah jelek hafalannya.” (Bahjatun Nadhirin Syarah Riyadhus Shalihin II/385. cet. IV. Th. 1423 H Dar Ibnu Jauzi)
[4] (lihat no. 3)
[5] Asy-Syaikh Muhammad Bin Shalih Al-Utsaimin rahimahullah mengatakan,
والراجح أنه لا يكره إفراد عاشوراء.
Dan yang rajih adalah bahwa tidak dimakruhkan berpuasa ‘Asyura saja. (Syarhul Mumthi’ VI)
Wallaahu a’lam.

0 komentar:

Dengan mengirim komentar disini, Anda menyetujui bahwa komentar anda tidak mengandung Rasis ataupun konten pornografi

VB.NET: Connect to SQL Server


Here is the step-by-step procedure to connect to SQL server:
1. Create your VB.NET project.
2. Include the following namespaces.


Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

The System.Data namespace provides access to classes that represent the ADO.NET architecture while the System.Data.SqlClient namespace is the.NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server.
3. Declare and instantiate your SQLConnection object as shown below

Dim con As New SqlConnection

SQLConnection class represents an open connection to a SQL Server database.
4. Pass the SQL connection string to ConnectionString property of your SqlConnection object.

con.ConnectionString = "Data Source=atisource;Initial Catalog=BillingSys;Persist Security Info=True;User ID=sa;Password=12345678"

The connectionstring value usually contains the following :
Data Source - physical server hostname
Initial Catalog - your database name
User ID - SQL username use to connect to the server
Password - SQL username's password

On this sample, I am using an SQL Server 2005. For the connectionstring for other SQL version, you can get it from here 

5. Last step is to invoke the Open method of the connection object

con.Open() 

The complete sample sourcecode:

Imports System.Data.SqlClient 
Imports System.Data  
Private Sub ConnectToSQL()  
Dim con As New SqlConnection  
Dim cmd As New SqlCommand   
con.ConnectionString = "Data Source=atisource;Initial Catalog=BillingSys;Persist Security  Info=True;User ID=sa;Password=12345678"  
con.Open()End Sub


To capture if the connection was successful or not, just tweak the above code:


Imports System.Data.SqlClient 
Imports System.Data  
Private Sub ConnectToSQL()  
Dim con As New SqlConnection  
Dim cmd As New SqlCommand Try  
con.ConnectionString = "Data Source=atisource;Initial Catalog=BillingSys;Persist   Security Info=True;User ID=sa;Password=12345678"  
con.Open() Catch ex As Exception  MessageBox.Show("Error while connecting to SQL Server." & ex.Message) 
Finally  
con.Close() 'Whether there is error or not. Close the connection. End TryEnd Sub


1 komentar:

Dengan mengirim komentar disini, Anda menyetujui bahwa komentar anda tidak mengandung Rasis ataupun konten pornografi

Connection strings for SQL Server 2005

in my previous article, I was asked to give a tutorial on sql server and vb.net connection. in this case i use SQL Server 2005 Standard edition.

so this is all connections strings providers for SQL Server 2005
Note : I assumed that you already installed SQL Server and Visual studio also use
this setting :

Server address  
Database name  
Username  
Password 


"adevla" was my localhost username XD


.NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server

TYPE .NET Framework Class LibraryUSAGE System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionMANUFACTURER Microsoft

Standard Security

Data Source=10.252.108.103;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;User Id=adelva;Password=p@ssw0rd;
Use serverName\instanceName as Data Source to connect to a specific SQL Server instance.
Are you using SQL Server 2005 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server 2005 Express installation resides.

Standard Security alternative syntax

This connection string produce the same result as the previous one. The reason to include it is to point out that some connection string keywords have many equivalents.
Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;User ID=adelva;Password=p@ssw0rd;Trusted_Connection=False;

Trusted Connection

Data Source=10.252.108.103;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;Integrated Security=SSPI;

Trusted Connection alternative syntax

This connection string produce the same result as the previous one. The reason to include it is to point out that some connection string keywords have many equivalents.
Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Trusted_Connection=True;

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.
Server=myServerName\theInstanceName;Database=SQLServ2005;Trusted_Connection=True;

Trusted Connection from a CE device

Often a Windows CE device is not authenticated and logged in to a domain. To use SSPI or trusted connection / authentication from a CE device, use this connection string.
Data Source=10.252.108.103;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;Integrated Security=SSPI;User ID=myDomain\myUsername;Password=myPassword;
Note that this will only work on a CE device.

Connect via an IP address

Data Source=190.190.200.100,1433;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;User ID=adelva;Password=p@ssw0rd;
DBMSSOCN=TCP/IP. This is how to use TCP/IP instead of Named Pipes. At the end of the Data Source is the port to use. 1433 is the default port for SQL Server.

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Trusted_Connection=True; MultipleActiveResultSets=true;
Use ADO.NET 2.0 for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=c:\mydbfile.mdf;Database=dbname; Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Using an User Instance on a local SQL Server Express instance

The User Instance functionality creates a new SQL Server instance on the fly during connect. This works only on a local SQL Server 2005 instance and only when connecting using windows authentication over local named pipes. The purpose is to be able to create a full rights SQL Server instance to a user with limited administrative rights on the computer.
Data Source=.\SQLExpress;Integrated Security=true; AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\mydb.mdf;User Instance=true;
To use the User Instance functionality you need to enable it on the SQL Server. This is done by executing the following command: sp_configure 'user instances enabled', '1'. To disable the functionality execute sp_configure 'user instances enabled', '0'.

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.
Data Source=10.252.108.103;Failover Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;Integrated Security=True;
There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.

Asynchronous processing

A connection to SQL Server 2005 that allows for the issuing of async requests through ADO.NET objects.
Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Integrated Security=True;Asynchronous Processing=True;

SQL Native Client 9.0 OLE DB provider

TYPE OLE DB ProviderUSAGE Provider=SQLNCLIMANUFACTURER Microsoft

Standard security

Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Uid=adelva;
Pwd=p@ssw0rd;
Are you using SQL Server 2005 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server 2005 Express installation resides.

Trusted connection

Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;
Trusted_Connection=yes;
Equivalent key-value pair: "Integrated Security=SSPI" equals "Trusted_Connection=yes"

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.
Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=myServerName\theInstanceName;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;
  

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object's Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.
oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways


oConn.Open "Provider=SQLNCLI;
Server=10.252.108.103;DataBase=SQLServ2005;

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;MARS Connection=True;
Use ADO.NET 2.0 for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Encrypt data sent over network

Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;Encrypt=yes;

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=c:\mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=.\SQLExpress;
AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf;
Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.
Provider=SQLNCLI;Data Source=10.252.108.103;Failover Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;
Integrated Security=True;
There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.

.NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB

TYPE .NET Framework Wrapper Class LibraryUSAGE System.Data.OleDb.OleDbConnectionMANUFACTURER Microsoft

Bridging to SQL Native Client OLE DB

This is just one connection string sample for the wrapping OleDbConnection class that calls the underlying OLEDB provider. See respective OLE DB provider for more connection strings to use with this class.
Provider=SQLNCLI;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;
Uid=adelva; Pwd=p@ssw0rd;

SQL Server Native Client 10.0 OLE DB Provider

TYPE OLE DB ProviderUSAGE Provider=SQLNCLI10MANUFACTURER Microsoft

Standard security

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;
Uid=adelva; Pwd=p@ssw0rd;
Are you using SQL Server 2005 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server 2005 Express installation resides.

Trusted connection

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;
Trusted_Connection=yes;
Equivalent key-value pair: "Integrated Security=SSPI" equals "Trusted_Connection=yes"

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.
Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerName\theInstanceName;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object's Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.
oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways


oConn.Open "Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=10.252.108.103;
DataBase=SQLServ2005;

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;MARS Connection=True;
Use ADO.NET 2.0 for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Encrypt data sent over network

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;Encrypt=yes;

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=c:\mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=.\SQLExpress;
AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.
Provider=SQLNCLI10;Data Source=10.252.108.103;Failover Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;
Integrated Security=True;
There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.

SQL Native Client 9.0 ODBC Driver

TYPE ODBC DriverUSAGE Driver={SQL Native Client}MANUFACTURER Microsoft


Standard security

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Uid=adelva;Pwd=p@ssw0rd;
Are you using SQL Server 2005 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server 2005 Express installation resides.

Trusted Connection

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;
Equivalent key-value pair: "Integrated Security=SSPI" equals "Trusted_Connection=yes"

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.
Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=myServerName\theInstanceName;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object's Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.
oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;MARS_Connection=yes;
Use ADO.NET 2.0 for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Encrypt data sent over network

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;Encrypt=yes;

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=c:\mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Driver={SQL Native Client};Server=.\SQLExpress; AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf;Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.
Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Failover_Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;
There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.
Please note if you are using TCP/IP (using the network library parameter) and database mirroring, including port number in the address (formed as servername,portnumber) for booth the main server and the failover partner can solve some reported issues.

SQL Server Native Client 10.0 ODBC Driver

TYPE ODBC DriverUSAGE Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0}MANUFACTURER Microsoft


Standard security

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Uid=adelva;Pwd=p@ssw0rd;

Trusted Connection

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Trusted_Connection=yes;
Equivalent key-value pair: "Integrated Security=SSPI" equals "Trusted_Connection=yes"

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.
Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerName\theInstanceName; Database=SQLServ2005;Trusted_Connection=yes;

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object's Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.
oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Trusted_Connection=yes; MARS_Connection=yes;
Use ADO.NET for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Encrypt data sent over network

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;Encrypt=yes;

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=.\SQLExpress; AttachDbFilename=c:\asd\qwe\mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;
Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.
Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Failover_Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Database=SQLServ2005; Trusted_Connection=yes;
There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.
Please note if you are using TCP/IP (using the network library parameter) and database mirroring, including port number in the address (formed as servername,portnumber) for booth the main server and the failover partner can solve some reported issues.

.NET Framework Data Provider for ODBC

TYPE .NET Framework Wrapper Class LibraryUSAGE System.Data.Odbc.OdbcConnectionMANUFACTURER Microsoft


Bridging to SQL Native Client 10.0 ODBC Driver

This is just one connection string sample for the wrapping OdbcConnection class that calls the underlying ODBC Driver. See respective ODBC driver for more connection strings to use with this class.
Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=10.252.108.103;Database=SQLServ2005;Uid=adelva;Pwd=p@ssw0rd;

SQLXML 4.0 OLEDB Provider

TYPE OLE DB ProviderUSAGE Provider=SQLXMLOLEDB.4.0;Data Provider=providernameMANUFACTURER Microsoft


Using SQL Server Native Client provider

Provider=SQLXMLOLEDB.4.0;Data Provider=SQLNCLI;
Data Source=10.252.108.103;Initial Catalog=SQLServ2005;User Id=adelva;Password=p@ssw0rd;
  

Context Connection

TYPE .NET Framework Class LibraryUSAGE 
MANUFACTURER Microsoft

Context Connection

Connecting to "self" from within your CLR stored prodedure/function. The context connection lets you execute Transact-SQL statements in the same context (connection) that your code was invoked in the first place.
C#
 using(SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection("context connection=true"))
 {
     connection.Open();
     // Use the connection
 }


VB.Net
 Using connection as new SqlConnection("context connection=true")
     connection.Open()
     ' Use the connection
 End Using

0 komentar:

Dengan mengirim komentar disini, Anda menyetujui bahwa komentar anda tidak mengandung Rasis ataupun konten pornografi